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Arthur Douglas Crease Letters, Diaries and Scrapbooks

Letters from Arthur Douglas Crease of Victoria to his brother Lindley Crease and his mother Sarah Crease; instructions for the offensive of July 26, 1917; a regimental notebook, diaries and scrapbook. Learn more.

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BC Archives MS-0055BC Archives MS-2879



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among the comparatively wealthy commerical commun ... Sir Malcolm Watson also - results mainly through costly - . Among the poor population thousands of square miles of .. as India and Ceylon such is quite impracticable if only on expense, for even in the ... of British troops pro...., and costly trials have ... to be abandoned and the ... mosquito-proof by wiring.

Mian Mir or Lahore, canton - ... irrigation canals were closed, .. destroyed and desert-like .. to, in a vain attempt to ...; for in 1908 heavy and late .. flooded the area and caused break of malaria among the .. by an inquiry on which the ...

A decade or so before he .. in an elevated area of Bengal monsoon rains were always fol .. autumn malaria; but in .. region malaria; but in ... region malarial epidemics ... early termination of the prolonged mosquito breeding .. -up season; so here again .. special study. On Mian Mir rainfall and malaria .. the previous forty years a very .. between late heavy rains and autumn epidemic is demonstrated. Not long after Christophers, I.M.S showed detailed study of the district data that accurate maps could .. the areas of the Punjab in malarial incidence occurred later, and Colonel C.A. Gill, yearly forecasts and arranged dispensaries to be sent to the in time materially to mitigate incidence and death rate, as .... is largely hilly the local conditions .. from those of the plains of India, but it is known that in some hill areas, such as in the Transvaal, steady rains may lessen malaria by frequently flushing out the mosquito breeding pools, and vice versa. The reported heavy Ceylon rainfall would fill up all the innumerable pools, and if these were not regularly flushed out myriads of malaria carrying mosquitoes would hatch out and be responsible for the epidemic spread of the disease, with both a higher incidence and a more sever type of malaria such as has been reported. An examination of the amount and distribution of the annual rainfall and of the incidence of malaria for several decades back should reveal the abnormal monsoon conditions liable to produce epidemic malaria in Ceylon, as it has done elsewhere, and it is of interest to note the island contains the ruins of ancient cities buried in the jungle, which may very possibly be the relics of an ancient civilization blotted out by epidemics of a former age.

The Ceylon Government cannot justly be blamed for the abnormal weather conditions that almost certainly caused the present epidemic, but it is to be hoped that its message will be heeded by them and other malarious countries, and that systematic studies will be made of the accumulations of climatic and vital statistics to allow future malarial epidemics to be foreseen in time to enable relief measures to be organized, and their deleterious effects greatly mitigated, as has been already done in the Punjab. Fortunately the Government of India have huge stocks of quinine in hand, and within the last few years an at least equally effective and more palatable remedy has been found in the new synthetic drug, atebrin, discovered through experiments on bird malaria. Moreover, malarial epidemics are usually of brief duration with well-defined seasonal limits, so the worst may already be past.

BC Archives, MS-2879 Box 83, File 1 CREASE FAMILY "Diary of the War", diary and scrapbook of Arthur Douglas Crease, 1915 - 1919.

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