1903/18 Rex vs. D.L. Ray and Wing Wo – murder (Trail)
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
Q. What part of the thyroid had been forced into there?
A. It had all been forced upwards and outwards.
Q. What do you mean by outwards ?
A. This way (indicating).
Q. In other words the pressure had apparently been brought from behind it?
A. No; the pressure came from in front of it/
Q. Would it naturally not shove it back instead of forward if you push hard ?
A. If you push there hard enough you would be fully convinced; you push upward; if you press hard enough it's got to come out.
Q. In other words upwards and outwards.?
Q. Now a man lying in the position you state the body was in, supposing, following up your theory, a man came up to throttle him, would'nt the marks be up and down the neck instead of straight across it ?
A. You would'nt reach up.
Q. But a man the way you've last showed us there-it's the way you would naturally do it, is it not? On one side or the other of the neck instead of across it ?
Q. So then in a case of that kind the scars would'nt be straight across the neck they would be up and down on it, would they not ?
A. I don't know exactly what you mean, Mr Gillan.
Q. Suppose a man reaches to choke; we'll presume that's the neck (indicating) he naturally would catch him that way ?
Q. Then the marks would be up and down instead of straight across ?
A. They would be one above the other.
BC Archives GR-0419 / BRITISH COLUMBIA. ATTORNEY GENERAL. /Box 95 File 1903/18 / Attorney General documents.