1903/18 Rex vs. D.L. Ray and Wing Wo – murder (Trail)
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
Q. There were four across the median line?
Q. Which one was the shortest?
A. The lowest one was the shortest. They were all in the main across this way parallel (indicating).
Q. They ran directly across the neck this way (indicating) instead of up and down?
Q. What size were those marks?
A. From quarter of an inch to say three eighths or half an inch, from an eighth of an inch we will say to perhaps three eighths. I think that's exact measurements I have down in my report.
Q. You speak now of the abrasions of the skin?
Q. What size were the bruses under - were there any bruses in the skin, under the scars?
A. The bruses-well, there is something I forgot to put in that report. Under the trychea there was something injected bloody in character.
Q. What size were those bruses under the abrasions of the skin?
A. What part of the neck do you refer to?
Q. In the neck where the abrasions ran straight across-under those scars which ran across the neck in this way (indicating)?
A. The seat of fracture was higher up. Suppose they ran across that way (indicating) under those four scars; the mucous membrane under the trychea was injected-engorged with blood.
Q. By that you mean that the bottom part of this, of the windpipe-what is known as the Adam's Apple-was forced up?
A. That's what I mean.
Q. Into the upper portion of the neck?
A. Yes; you'r getting him lower down, the trouble was higher up
BC Archives GR-0419 / Box 95 File 1903/18 / BRITISH COLUMBIA. ATTORNEY GENERAL / Attorney General documents.