1898/14 re Chinese miners on Fraser River – encroaching on an Indian reserve
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
Copy Summary Convictions (I 2) See ss. 42, 50.
Conviction for a penalty, and in default of payment, Imprisonment.
CANADA PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA District or County of New Westminster
BE IT remembered, That on the Seventeenth day of March, in the year of Our Lord thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight, at Yale in the said District or County Westminster is convicted before the undersigned, one of He Majesty's
Justices of the Peace for the said District or County, for that he the said Ah Wing did unlawfully trespass by mining and residing on the fore shore of the Spuzzum Indian Reserve on March 16 1898
and I adjudge the said Ah Wing for his offence to forfeit and pay the sum of Five dollars to be paid and applied according to law, and also pay to the
said Court the sum of -----s ums be not paid forthwith, or on or before the of --------, next I adjudge the said Ah Wing to be imprisoned in the Common Gaol of the said District or County at Yale in the said District or County of Yale (there to be kept at hard labour if such be the sentence) for the space of Twenty days unless the said sums and the costs and charges of conveying the said Ah Wing to the said Common Gaol shall be sooner paid.
Given under my Hand and Seal, the day and year first above mentioned, at in the District or County aforesaid.
BC Archives GR-0419 Box 75 File 1898/14 BRITISH COLUMBIA ATTORNEY GENERAL Attorney General documents