1898/14 re Chinese miners on Fraser River – encroaching on an Indian reserve
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
Summary Convictions. (I 2) See ss. 42, 50.
Conviction for a penalty, and in default of payment, Imprisonment.
CANADA, PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. District or County of [needs input]
BE IT remembered, That on the Seventeenth day of March, in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and ninety eight, at [needs input], in the said District or County, [needs input], is convicted before the undersigned, [needs input] of Her Majesty's [needs input] for the said District or County, for that he the said [needs input]... on March 16th 1898
and I adjudge the said [needs input] for his offence to forfeit and pay the sum of [needs input] to be paid and applied according to law, and also pay to the said [needs input]
- and if the said several sums be not paid forthwith, next I adjudge the said of [needs input] to be imprisoned in the Common Gaol of the said District or County, at, [needs input] in the said District or County of [needs input] (there to be kept at hard labour if such be the sentence) for the space of [needs input] days unless the said sums and the costs and charges of conveying the said [needs input] to the said Common Gaol shall be sooner paid.
Given under Hand and Seal, the day and year first above mentioned, at in the District or County aforesaid.