1882/25 Regina vs. “King” – selling liquor without a licence
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
(4) David J. Creighton being duly sworn deposed
I am expressman plying between Yale & the Big Tunnel. I recognize the Defendant, King; I have packed spirituous liquors for him lately. between the last two months I have taken him up five or six cases - spirituous liquor, from the H.B.Co. Defendant paid me express [fees?]
King is in the employ of Onderdonk waiter on table & [?] wood. When the Chinaman recd this liquor from me he generally put it into the Chinamans sleeping rooms
Sgnd E. Pearson, IP. Sgnd D.J. Creighton
Walter [?], being duly sworn deposed
I am Collector of Revenue for Yale District. The defendant King has not taken out a licence to sell spirituous liquor for the last six months, or at any other time to my knowledge.
Sgnd E. Pearson IP Sgnd [illegible]
Fined $200.00 and $30.00 for licence and all costs. $22.50 to be levied by distress & sale of goods and chattels and in default of payment, or of sufficient distress, to be imprisioned for the space of three months.
Sgnd E. Pearson
BC Archives GR-0419 BRITISH COLUMBIA.ATTORNEY GENERAL. Box 24 File 1882/25 Attorney General documents.