1893/39 Loo Yet (false pretences, mentions Chinese miners on Protection Island)
As part of the Chinese Historical Wrongs Legacy Initiative, the BC Archives has digitized a selection of documents related to criminal prosecutions against the Chinese community from 1866 to 1914, found in GR-0419. These are mainly records created as part of the preliminary hearing held before a judge in order to determine whether there was sufficient evidence to proceed to trial. There are often lengthy witness statements, and cross examinations by both prosecution and defense lawyers. The eventual verdict is sometimes recorded on the outside of the docket. They offer a fascinating glimpse into 19th and early 20th century criminal activity around the province, and ways in which the Chinese community was stereotyped. The records offered for transcription here are a small selection; for additional digitized material from GR-0419 click here.
*Please note that archival source materials are original historical documents that have not been censored, reviewed or otherwise altered by the Royal BC Museum. Some materials may contain content that is racist, sexist or otherwise offensive. In addition, GR-0419 records deal with subjects such as assault, murder and abuse, which may upset some readers. The Royal BC Museum is only the custodian of archival materials; the content does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Royal BC Museum.
*All transcriptions are provided by volunteers, and the accuracy of the transcriptions is not guaranteed. Please be sure to verify the information by viewing the image record, or visiting the BC Archives in person.
William Manuel Bray – Sworn upon his oath saith as follows – I am a miner at present. I live at Protection Island and have lived there since April 1891. I was Contractor with James Richards for sinking Protection Island Shaft for the New Vancouver Coal Mining and Land Company Limited. I employed all nationalities of labour – amongst them were Chinese – the labour was paid for through the said Company. I gave in the case of Chinese tickets – a small slip of paper with day and date and number of the Chinaman. (we had six working at that time) such as No. 1, No. 2, No. 3 No 4 and so on – We did not name the Chinese they went by numbers – In the month of May 1891 – I gave this man (pointing to Loo Yut the prisoner) either one or two tickets besides his own for labor done in the month of April 1891 – I have no recollection of the other Chinese having in that month requested me to give Loo Yut their tickets – That time I had given No 3 Chinaman his own ticket – I believe No 4 Chinaman had his own ticket – there was another Chinaman who had his ticket – I believe No 5 who worked with Loo Yut – I believe that I gave the tickets of No 1 and No 6 chinaman to Loo Jut – That’s No 1 (pointing to Jie Ham) No 1 had worked 29 days for us in the month of April 1891 at $11.25 per day. No 6 had worked about 20 or 21 days in the same month at the same rate of wages. No 5 (afterwards killed on the top of the shaft) worked I believe 26 days in the month at the same